DIABETES

How many types of Diabetes are there?

There are two types of Diabetes;

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetes Insipidus

Are the two types of Diabetes related?

No, they are not.

What is Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both.

What is a Metabolic Disease?

Metabolic disease is a disease or disorder that disrupts normal metabolism.

What is Metabolism?

Metabolism is the process of converting food to energy on a cellular level.

MINI SUMMARY: DIABETES MELLITUS IS A DISEASE THAT DISRUPTS THE PROCESS OF CONVERTING FOOD TO ENERGY.

What is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas to control blood sugar levels.

What is a pancreas?

Digestive System

Can you see the Pancreas? Behind the Stomach, Under the Liver, Above the Small Intestine.

What is a hormone? 

A hormone is a chemical messenger produced by endocrine glands to control and regulate the activity of cells and/or organs in the body.

What is an endocrine gland?

An endocrine gland is a gland that secretes hormones directly into the bloodstream.

MINI SUMMARY: THE PANCREAS IS AN ENDOCRINE GLAND WHICH PRODUCES THE HORMONE INSULIN TO HELP CONTROL BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS IN THE HUMAN BODY.

 

What is High Blood Sugar (Glucose)?

High blood sugar is also known as Hyperglycemia. It basically means the amount of sugar in your blood is high. Having high blood sugar doesn’t mean you have Diabetes Mellitus. It can be caused by other conditions,

  • Steroid medication
  • Kidney or Liver Disease
  • Infection of the pancreas
  • Any other infection
  • Pregnancy (Gestational Diabetes)

What are the signs and symptoms of High Blood Sugar (Glucose)?

  • Increased thirst
  • Headaches
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urinating
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling)
  • Weight loss
  • Vaginal and skin infections
  • Slow-healing cuts and sores
  • Worse vision
  • Nerve damage causing painful cold or insensitive feet, loss of hair on the lower extremities, or erectile dysfunction
  • Stomach and intestinal problems such as chronic constipation or diarrhea
  • Damage to your eyes, blood vessels, or kidneys

How does Insulin control blood sugar (glucose) levels?

Insulin allows the cells of the liver, fat and muscle to absorb the sugar from the blood for energy, hence reducing the quantity of sugar in the blood.

If there is excess sugar remaining, insulin allows the liver to absorb and store the excess for later use.

If the liver becomes saturated (filled up), insulin allows the fat cells to absorb more sugar, which is converted to fatty acids and then stored as fat.

How many types of Diabetes Mellitus are there?

There are two types of Diabetes Mellitus;

  • Type 1
  • Type 2

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

 

What makes insulin production inadequate?

Insulin production becomes inadequate when there is damage to the insulin producing cells of the pancreas.

 

……Not yet finished. Will keep updating until completed.

……Visit us at Zicron Pharmacy, Berger Bus-stop, Ojodu Berger for health consultations.